Wind Power is a reliable source of alternate energy, which is renewable, plentiful and produces no greenhouse gases. In an era where this is increasingly important, many countries across the globe are beginning to harness this resource. But what are the facts and figures behind the rise of the Wind Farm, and what are the problems they face?
A Brief History of Wind Power
The first windmill used to produce electricity was built in Scotland in 1887, in a Professor’s holiday home garden. This was followed the next year by a larger turbine in Ohio, powering various appliances in a small laboratory. Throughout the 20th century as electrical power developed, so did wind turbines and today many farms, commercial buildings and residential housing are powered by their own turbines. Additionally as electrical grids were put in place, collections of wind turbines, known as wind farms have come into use to generate power on a large scale.
How is wind energy produced?
When wind causes a wind turbine blade to move, the kinetic energy within the wind is converted into electrical energy by mechanical gearing connected to a generator.
Just how efficient and effective are wind farms?
- In 2015, Denmark produced 42% of all its energy demands through Wind Farms
- It is predicted that if an area the size of Rhode Island was covered in Wind Turbines, it would provide enough energy to power the whole of the United States
- Although weather conditions affect the output of Wind Farms, they actually run at an efficiency rate of 40%, which is double that of Solar Farms and approaching similar levels to traditional coal power plants.
Problems with wind farms?
Cost to construct
As with all technology wind farms have their drawbacks, one such issue being price. Although wind farms are now 90% cheaper to produce than in the 1980’s, countries such as Denmark who have vowed to pour money into that industry, have found that they are still very expensive to construct. This has even lead to them aborting plans to open 5 new wind farms by 2020. However, it should be noted that this mainly is due to the halting of their green tariffs by the European Commission to avoid unfair competition between energy suppliers.
Some view them as ugly additions to the landscape and protest against their construction. Others see them as serene, otherworldly, and beautiful pieces of human design. Personally, at EnerTEQ we like the look of wind farms and believe they have been designed well to be beautiful, interesting additions to a landscape
As Wind Farms become cheaper to construct, they will be more economically attractive. This will lead to them taking a larger share of the energy market and this will result in cheaper green energy tariffs in the future.
In the meantime, to discuss options of current energy tariffs and ways you can keep your home or business more energy efficient and eco friendly, contact EnerTEQ here.